Synthesis of functionalized by an oxime group surfactants on the basis of imidazole, pyridine and alkylamines


functionalized surfactants, oximes, salts of pyridinium imidazolium, tetraalkylammonium.

How to Cite

Shumeiko, A., Kostrikin, M., Kapitanov, I., Serdyuk, A., Burakov, N., & Popov, A. (2019). Synthesis of functionalized by an oxime group surfactants on the basis of imidazole, pyridine and alkylamines. Ukrainian Chemistry Journal, 85(8), 94-105.


Methods have been developed for the synthe-sis of a series of monomeric and dimeric surfactants functionalized by an oxime group based on imid-azole, pyridine and alkylamines. Alkyl radicals of varying degrees of branching were used, both as sub-stituents at the nitrogen atom of the head group and as spacers in the formation of dimeric products. This allowed to create a whole spectrum of supramo-lecular systems with different physicochemical pro-perties and reactivity.
Methods of obtaining a number of intermedi-ate products were improved, primarily for the reac-tion of the imidazole alkylation using interphase ca-talysis conditons — solid phase-liquid. The method of obtaining surfactants based on imidazole consisted in the interaction of alkylimidazoles with chloro-acetaloxime in a suitable solvent or with chloro-acetone and subsequent reaction with a hydroxyla-mine solution. In the preparation of pyridine-based surfactants, the corresponding oxo-substituted pyri-dine was reacted with a hydroxylamine solution, fol-lowed by reaction of the obtained product with al-kyl halide. A method has been developed for the syn-thesis of functionalized surfactants based on alipha-tic amines, where for monomeric products a path is chosen that is associated with the sequential alkyla-tion of 1-chloroacetoxime with dimethylamine and dodecyl bromide, and for dimeric ones, the direct interaction of 1,3-dichloroacetoxime with 1,1-dime-thyl-1-dodecylamine.
The composition, structure and purity of the obtained compounds were confirmed by NMR spec-troscopy, thin-layer chromatography and elemental analysis. NMR spectra were recorded on a BRUKER Avance II 400 instrument (400 MHz), TMS was used as an internal standard. Chromatography in a thin layer of silica gel was performed on Merck Si-licaGel 60 F254 plates (eluent — chloroform: meth-anol = 10:1).
The data presented by us testify to the pro-spects of the chosen pathway for structural modifica-tion of surfactants functionalized by the oxime group, and give direction for the further design of such microheterogeneous systems.


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