composite membranes, ion-exchange sorbents, selectivity, electromembrane methods of separation, electrodialysis.

How to Cite



The review is devoted to the problem of technogenic pollutionof awater environment bytoxic compounds, in particular, anionic compounds Cr(VI) and F(I), as well as technical and scientific ways to solve the problem. The sources of chromium and fluoride compounds entering the environment, their significance for the vital activity of living organisms, including the effect on human health, are considered.The content of chromium and fluorine compounds in various environmental objects was analyzed; special attention was paid to the concentration of these compounds in various water objects (rivers, seas, lakes, groundwater, drinking water, etc.). Fromexistingmethodsfor removing compounds of fluorine and chromium from aqueous solutions а reagent treatment, mutual neutralization, biological, ion exchange and membrane methodsare reviewed. The prospects of methods of electro-membrane technology are considered: electrodialysis, membrane electrolysis, as well as electrodeionization, which combines ion exchange and electrodialysis.The widespread use of these processes is restrained, first of all, by the low chemical and thermal stability of organic polymer membranes and their propensity to accumulate organic impurities. In addition, strongly acidic ion exchangers and membranes that are charge-selective do not exhibit selectivity with respect to certain ions. At the same time, for even better known inorganic membranes, even the charge selectivity is not inherent, which makes it difficult to use them in electromembrane separation processes. Inorganic membranes and granulated ion exchangers on the basis of selective oxide compounds characterized by sufficiently high chemical stability compared with polymeric materials, as well as the selectivity of the absorption of certain ions, are considered as promising for selective electromembrane extraction of anionic compounds Cr(VI) and F(I). It is shown that the perspective direction in the development of modern methods of separation and selective extraction of anions Cr(VI), F(I) is the development of composite selective membranes and ion exchange sorbents that combine the advantages of both a chemically stable inorganic matrix and selective ion exchangers based on the corresponding compounds.


1. Dzyazko Yu.S., Volfkovich Yu.M., Sosenkin V.E., Nikolskaya N.F., Gomza Yu.P. Composite inorganic membranes containing nanoparticles of hydrated zirconium dioxide for electrodialytic separation. Nanoscale Research Letters. 2014. 9 (1): 271.
2. Mamyrbaev A.A. Toxicology of chromium and its compounds. (Aktober, 2012).
3. Bessonova V.P., Ivanchenko O.E. Chromium in the environment. Nutrition bioindikatsii and ecology. 2011. 16 (1): 13.
4. Salnikow K., Zhitkovich A. Genetic and Epigenetic Mechanisms in Metal Carcinogenesis and Cocarcinogenesis: Nickel, Arsenic, and Chromium. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 2008. 21: 28.
5. Miralieva S.A., Kubalova L.M. The biological role of chromium. Sovrem. high technology. 2014. 2 (7): 91. 6. Vincent J.B. Chromium: Physiology. Encyclopedia of Food and Health. 2016. 108.
7. Donskikh I.V. The influence of fluorine and its compounds on people’s health (literature review). Acta Biomedica Scientifica. 2013. 3–2: 179.
8. Barbier O., Arreola-Mendoza L., Del Razo L.M. Molecular mechanisms of fluoride toxicity. Chemico-biological interactions. 2010. 188: 319.
9. Clifton M. Carey Focus on Fluorides: Update on the Use of Fluoride for the Prevention of Dental Caries. Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice. 2014. 14: 95
10. Trigub V.I. Patterns of distribution of fluorine in the environment. Geopolitics and eco-geodynamics of the regions. 2014. 10 (1): 231.
11. Karmanov A., Polina I. Wastewater treatment technology. (LitRes, 2018).
12. Nistratov A.V., Klushin V.N., Erofeeva V.B. Development of the Chromium (VI) Wastewater Treatment Process of Electroplating Production of Active Carbon on a Peat-Polymer Base. Advances in Chemistry and Chem. tehnol. 2012. 139 (10): 94.
13. Selivanova N. V., Trifonova T. A., Shirkin L.A. Utilization of electroplating waste. Izv. Samar. Scientific Center of RAS. 2011. (1–8): 2085.
14. Valinurova E.R., Gimaeva A.R., Kudasheva F.Kh. Investigation of the Sorption Process of Chromium (III) and Chromium (VI) Ions from Water by Activated Carbon Adsorbents, Vestn. Bashkir. un-that. 2009. (2): 385.
15. Turaev D.Yu. Extraction of heavy metal cations from acidic solutions containing strong oxidizing agents. Advances in chemistry and chemical. tehnol. 2010. 114 (9): 11.
16. Kumbasar R.A. Selective separation of chromium (VI) from acidic solutions containing various metal ions through emulsion liquid membrane using trioctylamine as extractant. Separ. Purif. Technol. 2008. 64 (1): 56.
17. Kozlowski C.A., Walkowiak W. Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by polymer inclusion membranes. Water Research. 2002. 36 (19): 4870.
18. Sadyrbaeva T.Zh. Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions using a novel hybrid liquid membrane—electrodialysis process. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification. 2016. 99: 183
19. Kozlowskia Cezary A., Walkowiak W. Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by polymer inclusion membranes. Water Research. 2002. 36 (19): 4870.
20. Senol A. Amine extraction of chromium (VI) from aqueous acidic solutions. Separ. Purif. Techol. 2004. 36 (1): 63.
21. Saha B., Gill R.J., Bailey D.G., Kabay N., Arda M. Sorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution by Amberlite XAD-7 resin impregnated with Aliquat 336. React. Funct. Polym. 2004. 60: 223.
22. Dzyazko Yu.S., Mahmoud A., Lapicque F., Belyakov V.N. Cr(VI) transport through ceramic ionexchange membranes for treatment of industrial wastewaters. J. Appl. Electrochem. 2007. 37 (2): 209.
23. Kolando L.I., Serdyuk Yu.A. Method of deep purification of drinking and waste waters from fluorine. Ecol. systems and devices. 2006. (1): 50.
24. Sharipov T.V., Mustafin A.G. Disposal of fluorine-containing wastewater of sodium silicofluoride production. Vestn. Bashkir. un-that. 2010. 15 (1): 38.
25. Dzyazko Yu.S., Vasilyuk S.L., Rozhdestvenskaya L.M, Belyakov V.N., Stefanyak N.V., Kabay N., Yuksel M., O Arar O., Yuksel U. Electrodeionization of Cr (VI)-Containing Solution. Part II: Chromium transport through inorganic ionexchanger and composite ceramic membrane. Chemical Engineering Communications. 2008. 196 (1(2)): 22.
26. Dzyazko Yu.S., Rozhdestvenskaya L.M., Vasilyuk S.L., Belyakov V.N., Kabay N., Yuksel M., Yuksel U. Electro-deionization of Cr(VI)-containing solution. Part I: chromium transport through granulated inorganic ion-exchanger. Chemical Engineering Communications. 2008. 196 (1(2)): 3.
27. Rudenko A.S., Dzyazko Yu.S., Belyakov V.N, Tsyba N.N., Yukhin Yu.M. Inorganic membranes modified with nanocomposite of hydrated zirconium dioxide and bismuth oxynitrate for selective extraction of ions F- from aqueous solutions. Uchenye zapiski Tavricheskogo Natsionalnogo Universiteta im. V.I.Vernadsky. 2011. 24 (63) (3): 172.
28. Condor S., Larbot A., Younssi S.A., Persin M. Use of ultra- and nanofiltration ceramic membranes for desalination. Desalination. 2004. 168: 207.
29. Kudelko E.O., Maltseva T.V., Belyakov V.N. Anion-exchange properties of oxyhydrates of the composition MxAl1–xOy×nH2O, M – Zr, Ti, Sn. Ukrainian Chemistry Journal. 2012. 78 (1): 6.
30. Maltseva T.V. Influencing the introduction of oxides of manganese and aluminum to the warehouse of oxigides in zirconium, titanium, and the standard on vibration and potassium sorption of vigilant ions. Ukrainian Chemistry Journal. 2018. 84 (8): 84.
31. Rozhdestvenska L.M., Dzyazko Yu.S., Rudenko O.S., Zheleznova L.I., Belyakov V.M. New selective nanocomposite materials on the basis of zirconium and zirconium and basic oxonite carbon oxide. Add. NAS of Ukraine. 2013. (8): 135.
32. Dzyazko Yu.S., Volfkovich Yu.M., Sosenkin V.E, Nikolskaya N.F., Gomza Yu.P. Composite inorganic membranes containing nanoparticles of hydrated zirconium dioxide for electrodialytic separation. Nanoscale Research Letters. -2014. 9 (1): 271..
33. Kravchenko T.A., Kalinichev A.I., Polyansky L.N., Konev D.V. Metal-ion exchanger nanocomposites. (Moscow: Science, 2009).
34. Gestel T.V., Vandecasteele C., Buekenhoudt A., Dotremont C., Luyten J., Leysen R., Bruggen B.V., Maes C. Alumina and titania multilayer membranes for nanofiltration: preparation, characterization and chemical stability. J. Memr. Sci. 2002. 207 (1): 73.
35. Averin I.A. Features of the synthesis and study of nanocomposite films obtained by the sol–gel technology. Izv. higher studies. institutions. Volga region. Phys.-mat. Science. 2012. 2: 155.
36. Tanaka Yo. Ion-Exchange Membranes. Fundumentals and Applications. (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007).
37. Maltseva T.V., Kudelko E.O., Belyakov V.N. Adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Cr(VI) by double hydroxides on the basis of Al oxide and Zr, Sn, and Ti oxides. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2009. 83 (13): 2336.
38. Dzyazko Yu.S., Rudenko A.S., Yukhin Yu.M., Tsyba N.N., Belyakov V.N. Inorganic membranes modified with nanocomposite of hydrated zirconia and bismuth oxynitrate. Ukrainian Chemistry Journal. 2012. 78 (6): 67.
39. Dzyazko Yu.S., Rudenko A.S., Yukhin Yu.M., Palchik A.V., Belyakov V.N. Modification of ceramic membranes with inorganic sorbents. Application to electrodialytic recovery of Cr(VI) anions from multicomponent solution. Desalination. 2014. 342: 43.


Download data is not yet available.