Zn(II) and Ag(I) complexes of N-allythioamides of pyrimidinyl (cyclohexenyl) carboxylic acids and products their proton- and iodocyclization


iodine/proton cyclization, N-allylcarbothioamides, complex formation, polydentate organic ligands, chelate metalocycles.

How to Cite

Borovyk, P., Litvinchuk, M., Bentya, A., Orysyk, S., Zborovskiy, Y., & Slyvka, N. (2019). Zn(II) and Ag(I) complexes of N-allythioamides of pyrimidinyl (cyclohexenyl) carboxylic acids and products their proton- and iodocyclization. Ukrainian Chemistry Journal, 85(3), 3-19. https://doi.org/10.33609/0041-6045.85.3.2019.3-19


The possibility of using N-allylcarbothioamide derivatives as well as products of their iodine- and proton-initiated electrophilic heterocyclizations as chelating agents in complexation reactions with Zn(II) and Ag(I) ions is shown. Processing of the obtained experimental data showed that N-allythioamides of pyrimidinyl (cyclohexenyl) carboxylic acids H2L1 – H2L3 and their proton- and iodo-cyclization products HL4, HL5 containing four nucleophilic reaction centers (two oxygen atoms of the carbonyl and hydroxyl groups and N-, S-carbothioamide groups or N-atoms of the dihydrothiazole moiety) are polydentate ligands capable of coordinating with metal ions to form stable six-membered chelate metallocycles.

A series of new chelating mono-, bi- and polynuclear complexes Zn(II) and Ag (I) of the composition [Zn2L1,32]n, [Zn2(HL1-3)2(CH3COO)2], [Ag2(HL1,3)2]n, [Zn(HL1-3)2], [Ag(H2L3)2NO3], [Zn(HL4,5)2], K[Ag(HL4,5)2] were synthesized and isolated in solid state. Their molecular structure was established by methods of elemental chemical analysis, NMR 1H, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy.

At a ratio of M:L 1:2, complexes were isolated in which two ligand molecules H2L1 − H2L3 are coordinated to the metal ion by the sulfur atoms of the carbothioamide group and the oxygen of the mono-deprotonated hydroxyl group. It was established that the products of the proton-/iodocyclization HL4, HL5 in the complex formation pass into the thione tautomeric form with coordination through the oxygen atoms of the deprotonated hydroxyl group and nitrogen atoms of the dihydrothiazole heterocycle. At M:L 1:1, binuclear or polynuclear coordination compounds are formed. It was shown that polymerisation in complexes [Zn2L1,32]n and [Ag2(HL1,3)2]n is due to the formation of Zn−(O2SN)−Zn and Ag−O−Ag polymer chains.

Investigation of the solubility of the resulting complexes showed that the polymer complexes are weakly soluble or insoluble in DMSO, DMF, while the mononuclear are soluble in methanol, as well as in water.



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