The influence of cationic, anionic, nonionic surfactants and their mixtures on the fluorescence characteristics of rhodamine 6G and Rho-damine C solutions has been investigated. The fluorescence intensity of aqueous solutions of rhodamine 6G and in the presence of cetylpyridinium chloride and sodium dodecyl sulfate has almost unchanged throughout the pH range. The fluorescence intensity of aqueous and water-micellar rhodamine C solutions has been increased in the pH 1-4 range; the signal has been remained unchanged at high pH values. The studies have been carried out at pH 4 for rhodamine 6G and at pH 10 for rhodamine C. The fluorescence characteristics of water-micellar dye - surfactant - non-ionic surfactant systems have been performed at a concentration of Triton X-100 of 3.4·10‑2 mol/l. The interaction with cationic surfactants has shown differences character between the I=f(n) dependences for aqueous solutions of highly hydrophobic rhodamine 6G and more hydrophilic rhodamine C. The study of the effect of the hydrocarbon radical length on the intensity of the fluorescence of rhodamine 6G and rhodamine C has been carried out at two concentrations of cationic surfactants: under the condition of the formation of stoichiometric associates dye with cationic surfactant and in the region of the micellar concentrations of cationic surfactants. The character of the influence of the length of the hydrocarbon radical cationic surfactants on the fluorescence intensity of the dyes can be explained by the increasing role of hydrophobic interactions and the enhancement of solubilization in systems involving long-chain surfactants. The difference in the nature of the associates of rhodamine 6G and rhodamine C with hydrophobic and moderately hydrophobic cationic surfactants has been counterbalanced in the presence of Triton X-100. Reduction of fluorescence intensity of rhodamine 6G in domicile solutions of anionic sodium dodecyl sulfate has been established. The method of fluorescence detection of sodium dodecyl sulfate in reaction with rhodamine 6G has been proposed. The method has been tested in determining of anionic surfactants in the waters after washing clothes.
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